# Variational Quantum Classifier¶

Code at: https://github.com/Quantum-TII/qibo/tree/master/examples/variational_classifier.

## Problem overview¶

We want to perform a supervised classification task with a variational quantum classifer. The classifier is trained to minimize a local loss function given by the quadratic deviation of the classifier’s predictions from the actual labels of the examples in the training set. A variational quantum circuit is employed to perform the classification.

## Implementing the solution¶

The standard iris data set is chosen for the classification task. It consists of 150 4-dimensional data vectors containing the length and widht of the sepals and petals of individuals from three different species of plants (*Iris setosa*, *Iris versicolor*, *Iris virginica*). We associate one computational-basis state to each of the classes (|00>, |01>, |10>) in the subspace of measured qubits, and we employ the following architecture for the ansatz:

where R stands for Ry rotations (if `RxRzRx=False`

) or RxRzRx rotations.

## How to run an example¶

To run a particular instance of the problem, we have to set up the initial arguments:

`nclases`

(int): number of classes of the training set (default=3)`nqubits`

(int): number of quantum bits. It must be larger than 1 (default=4)`nlayers`

(int): number of ansatz layers. (default=5)`nshots`

(int): number of shots used when sampling the circuit. (default=100000)`training`

(flag): if True, actual training occurs. If False, pre-computed optimal values are employed, with default nqubits and nlayers. (default=False)`RxRzRx`

(flag): if True, RxRzRx rotations are used in the ansatz. If False, Ry are employed instead. (default=False)`method`

(string): classical optimization method, supported by scipy.optimize.minimize. (default=’Powell’)

To run an example with the optimal values obtained for 4 qubits and 5 layers, you should execute the following command:

```
python main.py
```

To run an example with different values, and actually train the classifier, type for example:

```
python main.py --nqubits 4 --nlayers 5 --nshots 100000 --training
```

Note that nclases must be 3 and cannot be changed in this example, because we are classifing the Iris data set.

## Results¶

The classification accuracy for the training and test sets is found to be around 70% and 73%, respectively.